Skip to content
Home » Infant Passport: What to Know

Infant Passport: What to Know


Navigating the world of passport applications for infants can be a daunting task for any parent. As a retired expert with 30 years of experience at the U.S. State Department, where I was involved in approving thousands of passport applications, I understand the intricacies of this process. This guide aims to demystify the requirements and procedures for obtaining an infant’s passport, ensuring you have all the necessary information at your fingertips. Whether it’s understanding the age requirements, the specifics of newborn passport photo guidelines, or the process of application, this article covers it all. With clear, step-by-step instructions and expert insights, you’ll be equipped to navigate this essential task with confidence and ease.

Newborn passport photo

Understanding Passport Age Requirements

When it comes to international travel, one of the first questions many parents ask is, “What age do you need a passport for a child?” The answer is straightforward: every individual, regardless of age, needs a passport to travel internationally. This includes newborns and infants. The passport age requirement is a critical aspect of travel documentation, enforced to ensure the safety and identification of all travelers, including the youngest. Understanding this requirement is the first step in preparing for any trip abroad with your child. It’s crucial to note that the same application process applies to all, but there are specific considerations for infants, particularly regarding the passport photo, which we will explore in detail in this guide.

Why Newborns and Infants Need Passports

A common question among parents is, “Do kids, including newborns, need a passport?” The answer is a resounding yes. Even for seemingly straightforward trips, such as a cruise with your infant, a passport is mandatory. This requirement extends to all forms of international travel, regardless of the child’s age. It’s not just a matter of legality; it’s about ensuring the safety and proper identification of your little one. The notion that infants might not require a passport is a misconception. Whether you’re planning a family vacation abroad or going on a cruise, the same rules apply. In the following sections, we’ll delve into the specifics of infant passport photos and the application process, ensuring you’re well-prepared for your next family adventure.

Infant Passport Photo Requirements: A Step-by-Step Guide

Taking a passport photo of an infant can seem challenging, but with the right approach, it’s quite manageable. The U.S. State Department has specific requirements for infant passport photos to ensure consistency and reliability in identification. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Photo Size and Quality: The photo must be 2 inches by 2 inches, with the baby’s head measuring between 1 inch and 1⅜ inches in the photo. The image must be in color, clear, and with a plain white or off-white background.
  2. Head Position and Expression: The baby should be looking directly at the camera with a neutral expression. Eyes need to be open, and there should be no shadows on the face.
  3. Supporting the Baby: For infants who can’t sit up, lay them on a plain white or off-white sheet. Ensure no other person or object is in the photo, including hands holding the baby.
  4. Attire and Accessories: Dress the baby in everyday clothing. In passport pictures, no hats or head coverings are allowed unless for religious purposes, and even then, the face must be fully visible.
  5. Photo Submission: Submit the photo with your baby’s passport application. You can take the photo yourself using Passport Photo Kit or use a professional service, but it must meet all the specified requirements.

Remember, a good passport photo is essential for the application’s success, so take the time to get it right.

Common Challenges in Taking Newborn Passport Photos

Capturing the perfect passport photo of a newborn or infant can be tricky. Parents often encounter a few common challenges during this process. Understanding these challenges helps in preparing better for the photo session:

  1. Keeping the Baby’s Eyes Open: Newborns tend to sleep a lot, and getting them to open their eyes for a photo requires patience. Try scheduling the photo session during their most alert times.
  2. Maintaining a Neutral Expression: Babies naturally make various expressions, often within seconds. Capturing a neutral expression, as required by passport photo guidelines, might take several attempts.
  3. Avoiding Shadows: Proper lighting is crucial. Natural, soft light is best to avoid shadows on the baby’s face or background.
  4. Head Position: Getting an infant to hold their head in the required position can be challenging. Using a car seat or infant pillow for support can help maintain the correct head position.
  5. Background Issues: Ensure the background is plain white or off-white with no patterns or objects. This might require setting up a specific area or background for the photo.

By anticipating these challenges, you can prepare adequately, ensuring a smoother experience and a successful passport photo for your infant.

How to Get Your Baby’s Passport: A Simplified Process

Obtaining a passport for your baby might seem daunting, but it’s a straightforward process when you know the steps. Here’s a simplified guide to help you through:

  1. Gather Required Documents: You’ll need your baby’s birth certificate, proof of parental relationship, and photo identification for the parents or guardians.
  2. Complete the Application Form: Fill out Form DS-11, “Application for a U.S. Passport.” This form is available online or at passport acceptance facilities. Alternately, Passport Photo Kit will help you complete all the paperwork.
  3. Take a Passport Photo: Follow the specific guidelines for infant passport photos. You can take the photo yourself using Passport Photo Kit or get it done professionally.
  4. Plan for In-Person Submission: Both parents/guardians and the baby must be present when submitting the application at a passport acceptance facility, such as a post office or county clerk’s office.
  5. Pay the Fees: As of my last update, the passport fee for a minor is $80, with an additional $35 execution fee.
  6. Wait for Processing: Regular processing times can vary, but generally, it takes about 6-8 weeks to receive the passport.

Remember, applying early and ensuring all documents are in order can make the process smoother and quicker.

Duration and Validity of Infant Passports

A common query regarding passports for infants is, “How long does a baby’s passport last?” The validity period for a U.S. passport issued to a minor under the age of 16, including infants, is five years. This shorter validity period, compared to the ten years for adults, takes into account the significant changes in a child’s appearance as they grow. It’s important for parents to note this timeframe and plan for renewals accordingly.

Renewing a child’s passport also requires an in-person application with both parents or guardians present, similar to the initial application process. Keeping track of the expiration date and beginning the renewal process well in advance can ensure uninterrupted travel plans. Additionally, some countries require passports to be valid for six months beyond the date of entry, so it’s wise to consider this when planning international travel with your child.

Passport Requirements for Kids on Cruises

When planning a cruise with your child, it’s essential to understand the passport requirements. The question, “Do kids need a passport to go on a cruise?” is particularly relevant for parents. For closed-loop cruises (ones that begin and end at the same U.S. port), children might not necessarily need a passport. A birth certificate and a government-issued ID can sometimes suffice. However, it’s strongly recommended to have a passport for all international travel, including cruises.

A passport provides a higher level of identification and is required for air travel, should you need to fly back to the U.S. unexpectedly from a foreign port. Additionally, some destinations and cruise lines mandate passports for all passengers, regardless of age. To avoid any travel disruptions, check with your cruise line for specific documentation requirements and consider obtaining a passport for your child for peace of mind and flexibility in travel plans.

Important Tips for a Smooth Passport Application for Your Infant

Applying for your infant’s passport doesn’t have to be a stressful experience. Here are some important tips to ensure a smooth process:

  1. Start Early: Begin the application process well in advance of your planned travel. This gives you ample time to gather all necessary documents and take care of any unforeseen issues.
  2. Double-Check Documentation: Make sure all documents, especially the birth certificate and photo IDs of parents, are up-to-date and valid. Any discrepancies can lead to delays.
  3. Follow Photo Guidelines Strictly: As infant passport photos have specific requirements, ensure your photo complies with all the guidelines to avoid rejection.
  4. Both Parents’ Presence: For most cases, both parents or legal guardians must be present when applying for a child’s passport. If one parent can’t be there, they need to provide a notarized statement of consent.
  5. Keep Copies of Everything: It’s always a good practice to keep copies of all submitted documents, including the application form and identification documents.
  6. Check for Special Circumstances: If there are any unique circumstances, like a single parent applying, ensure you have the appropriate documents to support your application.

Following these tips can make the passport application process for your infant as smooth as possible.


At what age does a child need a passport?

A child of any age traveling internationally needs a passport, including newborns and infants.

Can I take my baby’s passport photo at home?

Yes, you can take the passport photo at home using Passport Photo Kit.

How long is an infant’s passport valid?

A passport issued to a minor under the age of 16, including infants, is valid for 5 years.

Do children need passports for cruises?

It’s recommended to have a passport for your child on cruises, especially for international travel. Some cruises may allow travel with a birth certificate and government-issued ID, but a passport offers more flexibility and security.

What if only one parent can be present for the passport application?

If one parent can’t be present, they must provide a notarized statement of consent. There are also special provisions for single parents or guardians.

How much does it cost to get a passport for a baby?

The cost for a minor’s passport is generally $80, with an additional $35 execution fee. Prices are subject to change, so it’s best to check the latest fees on the State Department’s website.